The Environmental Agreement was created to address environmental concerns that were not covered by existing legislation and regulations. Article IV of the Environmental Agreement established the Independent Environmental Monitoring Agency and its mandate.
The Environmental Agreement was signed on January 6, 1997 by BHP Billiton Diamonds Inc., the Government of Canada and the Government of the Northwest Territories. On April 14, 2003, an Addendum was signed, making changes to some of the original clauses.
Article XIV of the Environmental Agreement describes the dispute resolution process for resolving matters arising from the Environmental Agreement. the Agency and all Parties to the Environmental Agreement are involved in the dispute resolution process.